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Editorial Policy -
Ethics Review Committee
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Operational guidelines/enforcement rules of the Ethics Review Committee of Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine

Established April 23, 2009.

  • Article 1 (Name)
    • These guidelines shall be called "Operational Guidelines of the Ethics Review Committee of Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine (KSCCM) (herein after called the Committee).
  • Article 2 (Objective)
    • The objective of these guidelines is to define and regulate the role and responsibilities of researchers and reviewers in order to prevent any misconduct or irregularity in submission, review, evaluation and publication of manuscripts for the Journal (hereinafter called the Journal) issued by of KCSSM (hereinafter called the Association).
  • Article 3 (Composition)
    • Editing director will chair the Committee composed of selected directors, editors and an administrator.
      Total regular members of the Committee will be seven to 10, including the chairman. Special members can be also appointed from executitives of the Association, if ncessary.
  • Article 4 (Terms for members)
    • All members shall serve a three-year term and can be reappointed.
  • Article 5 (Responsibilities of members)
    • ① The chairman will oversee the overall operation as the head of the Committee.
      ② The administor will assist the chainman and preside in absence of the chairman. He is also responsible for completing the minutes of meeting and storing it.
  • Article 6 (Scope of the Committee)
    • The Committee shall govern the followings:
      ① The Committee shall decide on the penalty for any manuscript or its authors that violated research ethics or publication ethics after reviewing all of the evidence, submitted by the Editorial Board of the Association, independently.
      ② The Committee will decide whether the accused will be given a chance to defend.
      ③ Their decisions should be reported to the Association with details on how the allegation was made, the nature of violation, the names of committee members involved, decision making procedures, related evidence and final decisions.
  • Article 7 (Meetings)
    • The Committee's and the editorial board's meetings shall take place on the same day. A special meeting can be convened by the chairman.
  • Article 8 (Resolution)
    • ① The committee meeting will be held if at least half of members are present. Resolutions shall pass by a majority vote of members present. In the case of a tie vote, the chairman has the power to pass resolutions.
      ② Any revision of these guidelines shall require the attendance of two-thirds of members and a two-thirds vote of members in attendance.
  • Article 9 (Resolution)
    • ① These requlations shall take effect upon the approval of the editorial board.
      ② Terms related to research, publication and reivewer ethics will be defined in the enforcement rules for the operating guidelines, along with procedures for ethics violations.
      ③ The enforcement rules shall supersede these guidelines for any items not covered by these guidelines. Any revision of these rules shall require the attendance of two-thirds of members and a two-thirds vote of members in attendance.

Enforcement rules for operating guidelines of the Publications Committee of Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine

  • Article 1 (Objective)
    • These enforcement rules are intended to ensure efficient research, publication and review by defining related terms and providing guidelines for sanctions against ethics violations, pursuant to Article 9 Section ② of the operational guidelines.
  • Article 2 (Publication of manusripts)
    • Section 1: Research ethics
      • Research ethics invole the application of ethical standards for research integrity and discuss research misconducts related to human subjects, data process and publication of results, including fabrication, falsification and plagiarism.
    • Section 2: Publication ethics
      • Publication ethics involve the application of ethical standards relating to authorship, conflict of interest, duplicate publication and review and editing process.
    • Section 3: Fabrication
      • Fabrication refers to the act of fabricating of data that does not exist.
    • Section 4: Falsification
      • Falsification refers to the act of modifying data or misrepresentation of statistic analysis in favor of author's own interests.
    • Section 5: Duplicate or redundant or overlapping publication
      • Duplicate publication refers to publishing a manuscript that overlaps substantially with one already published and includes self-plagiarism, salami publication, and imalas publication. But secondary publication is not included.
    • Section 6: Imalas publication
      • Imalas publication refers to adding more case(s) to already published manuscript without any changes in conclusion.
    • Section 7: Salami publication
      • Salami publication refers to dividing up the results of a research into two papers or more.
    • Section 8: Self-plagiarism
      • Self-plagiarism refers to a plagiarism in which an author reuses a portion of its previous paper, including table and illustration, without citing its source.
    • Section 9: Plagiarism
      • Plagiarism is using other's intellectual material such as idea, words, methods and study results without acknowledging its original source or permission.
    • Section 10: Secondary publication
      • Secondary publication is publishing a similar paper for second time in different journal, which can be acceptable when the paper meets six uniform requirements for manuscript submitted to Biomedicine Journals.
    • Section 11: Conflict of interest
      • Conflict of interest refers to situations in which financial or other personal interest of related parties may compromise their judgement in publication of a paper.
    • Section 12: Authorship
      • An author is deemed to be an individual who has made sustentative intellectual contributions to a study.
    • Section 13: Withdrawal
      • Authors can withdraw their manuscripts when finding a problem for publishing. Withdrawal of manuscript is however not allowed for published manuscripts.
    • Section 14: Retraction
      • When a published manuscript contains misconduct or serious error, the manuscript shall be retracted from the respective database to remove its recode.
  • Article 3 (Research ethics)
    • Section 1: Fabrication, falsification and plagiarism
      • Authors must not commit any form of misconduct, including fabrication, falsification and plagiarism, in all articles sumitted to the Association
    • Section 2 Institutional Review Board (IRB)
      • All human subjects research projects are required to have approval from Institutional Review Board (IRB) before the research begins. IRB approval should be mentioned in a sentence in the manuscript. Research involving animals should provide an explanation on whether the study was reviewed by IRB or which experimental guidelines were followed.
  • Article 4 (Publication ethics)
    • Section 1: Authorship
      • ① The Committee can require the details of contribution made by each author if there is any doubt in the author list or if any misconduct is reported.
        ② After a manuscript is accepted for publication, addition or deletion of an author can be allowed based on information on the role of the author and the confirmation of the remaining authors.
    • Section 2: Conflict of interest
      • Author(s) must clearly acknowledge any financial support or any personal assistance that they received for research.
    • Section 3: Duplicate publication and errors
      • ① Author(s) must clarify that their manuscript has not been published elsewhere and will not be publishd elsewhere if accepted by the Association.
        ② If submitted manuscript is intended for secondary publication, author(s) must inform the Committee of their intention. No duplicate publication is allowed.
        ③ Unacceptable duplicate publication includes imalas publication, self-plagiarism and salami publication. When author(s) find an error in their manuscript after submission, they must correct it after notifying the Association. If the error is serious, author(s) can request withdrawal of manuscript.
  • Article 5 (Reviewer ethics)
    • Section 1: Reviewer ethics
      • ① Peer review is performed by editors and reviewers.
        ② Reviewers should admit independence of author as a professional intellectual
        ③ Editors should communicate with readers, authors and guest reviewers in a concise and clear manner with courtesy. To inform rejection of manuscript, write the reason for inappropriateness for publication in a clear and persuasive way so that author(s) can accept the results smoothly.
        ④ Reviewers must notify the Committee of the results of peer review within the timeline set by the review policy.
        ⑤ If a reviewer has committed misconduct, the editor-in-chief can convene the editorial board meeting and decide on what penalty the accused reviewer will get.
    • Section 2: Conflict of interest
      • ① Reviewers should evaluate manuscripts fairly while ensuring that a conflict of interest does not exist, and provide sufficient evidence to support review results.
        ② Conflicts of interest that may affect peer reviews include financial gains, personal connection, research competition and intelligence interest. Any of these should appear in the Acknowledgement section of the manuscript.
        ③ Any editor or guest reviewer who is involved in a conflict of interest should not take part in decision of review results.
    • Section 3: Request for review
      • If the review is conducted by a guest expert who is involved in a conflict of interest, the reviewer should be notified in advance of the code of conduct he or should follow.
    • Section 4 Confidentiality
      • ① Reviewers must treat manuscripts confidentially. They should not disclose or discuss manuscripts to others unless they need their advice for evaluation.
        ② Editors shall not reveal any personal information on the author accussed of violation of ethical rules.
        ③ Only sanction officially imposed on the accused can be revealed to the public.
  • Article 6 (Procedures for ethics violation)
    • Section 1 Resolution
      • ① The chairman of the Committe shall convene a committee meeting when ethical standards are violated in research or publication and when any ethics violation is reported.
        ② The meeting should be held if at least half of committee members are present, and resolution requires a majority vote of members present.
        ③ Any commitee member who is involved in a conflict of interest related to ethics violation shall not take part in decision making although the member can provide its opinion.
      Section 2 Review of allegations
      • ① The Committee shall review a suspected violation of research ethics by requesting the investigation of the affiliation where the accused author carried out the study.
        ② The Committee shall collect and review related data for a suspected violation of publication ethics to make a decision.
        The accused author will be given an opportunity to defend, if necessary.
      Section 3: Hearing for the accused
      • ① The accused author must be given the opportunity to defend at least once.
        The alleged author can choose a closed hearing or a written statement to defend.
        ② The Committee shall not disclose any personal information about the accused author and the progress it makes in review process.
        ③ The accused will be given a second chance to defend even after rejecting the first chance. If the author rejects the second chance again, the Committee will inform him or her of its decision.
      Section 4: Decision reversal
      • The Committee can reverse its earlier decision after the hearing of the accused author.
      Section 5: Data storage
      • The Committee shall store all data related and the minutes of meeting related to ethics violation for five years from the date on which its decision is made.
      Section 6: Sanctions/penalties
      • The Committee shall impose the following sanctions according to the nature and severity of misconduct.
        ① A letter for instruction of ethics rules
        ② A formal letter to the head of author's affiliation or research funding institute
        ③ Annocement on duplicate publication and misconduct via the Journal of the Association
        ④ Written announcement by the chaiman of the Committee with details on misconduct
        ⑤ Prohibition against any new submission of manuscript from author or affiliation accused of misconduct for a certain period of time.
        ⑥ Official withdrawal or cancelation of manuscript
        ⑦ Notification to editor of other journals and index institutes
        ⑧ Notification to other parties that need to investigate on the same author
      Section 7: Reporting
      • The Committee shall report its decision and all related evidence to the board of directors of the Association.
  • Article 7 (Additional clauses)
    • These enforement rules will take effect upon the approval of the Committee of the Association.

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