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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 23(2); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2008;23(2): 90-95. doi: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2008.23.2.90
응급센터를 통해 중환자실에 입원한 패혈증 환자의 예후 예측에 있어서 응급센터 내원 초기의 APACHE II Score와 MEDS Score의 유용성 비교
전라남도 순천의료원 응급의학과, *분당제생병원 응급의학과
Comparing the Usefulness of the Initial Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II Score in the Emergency Department (ED) and the Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) Score for Predicting the Prognosis of Septic Patients Admitt
Chan Young Koh, Young Sik Kim, Tae Yong Shin, Young Rock Ha
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Sun-cheon Medical Center, Suncheon, Korea.
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. rocky66@dmc.or.kr
BACKGROUND: To determine the prognostic value of the initial APACHE II score in the ED compared with the classic APACHE II score in the ICU and to check the usefulness of the MEDS score together for more rapid risk stratification of septic patients admitted to the ICU via the ED. METHODS: We prospectively checked the initial APACHE II and MEDS scores of all the patients who had systemic inflammatory response syndrome in the ED and the classic APACHE II scores after admission to the ICU, as well 6 months later. We enrolled the only sepsis cases in the final diagnosis after reviewing the medical records. We evaluated the predictive abilities of the initial APACHE II and MEDS scores compared with the classic APACHE II score. RESULTS: During 6 months, 58 patients diagnosed with sepsis were enrolled. Twenty-four (41.4%) patients died within 28 days of admission and 34 patients survived. The mortality group had a significantly higher mean classic APACHE II score (19 +/- 6.7 vs. 15 +/- 5.0, p < 0.01) and a higher mean MEDS score (16.67 +/- 2.70 vs. 8.91 +/- 3.11, p < 0.01) than the survivor group. The initial APACHE II score at the ED was not significantly different between the two groups. ROC analysis showed the discriminative power of the MEDS score in predicting mortality was much better than the APACHE II score (areas under the curves of the APACHE II score in the ED and ICU, and the MEDS scores were 0.668, 0.807, and 0.967, respectively; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The initial APACHE II score in the ED did not predict mortality better than the classic APACHE II score. However, the MEDS score predicted the poor prognosis of septic patients more rapidly and accurately in the ED than the APACHE II model.
Key Words: APACHE II score; mortality prediction; MEDS score; sepsis
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