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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 27(1); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2012;27(1): 36-44. doi: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.36
중환자 조기 경장영양공급에 대한 의료진의 지식, 인식 및 수행정도
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 서울성모병원 신경외과, *수원여자대학 간호과, †연세대학교 간호대학 임상간호과학과
Healthcare Professional's Knowledge, Perception and Performance on Early Enteral Nutrition for Critically Ill Patients
Sun Hee Yun, Sun Jung Kim, Eui Geum Oh
1Seoul St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Suwon Women's College, Suwon, Korea. dubusun@yahoo.com
3Department of Clinical Nursing, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
BACKGROUND: Proper nutritional supplement is one of the fundamental management domains for critical ill patients. While it shows positive effect on processing and prognosis of critical ill patients, early enteral nutrition is overlooked. This study explored healthcare professional's level of knowledge perception and performance on early enteral nutrition for critically ill patients. Data was collected from a convenient sample of 319 registered doctors, nurses and nutritionists in ICU at seven university hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The participants were assessed by questionnaires, specifically designed for the study and verified for the content validity by professional reviewers related with critical ill patients. RESULTS: While the level of the perception of early enteral nutrition is high, the level of knowledge and performance are relatively low. The nurses showed a statistically significant difference on the level of knowledge, by their educational backgrounds and clinical experiences. Regarding the hospital support system, the doctors showed a significant difference on the level of perception and performance, while the nurses only showed that difference on the level of performance. It was shown that with higher the level of knowledge regarding the early enteral nutrition, the higher the level of performance. Further, the higher the level of perception, the higher the level of performance was observed. The hospital support system and the perception of the healthcare professionals are two most influential factors to affect the performance of the healthcare professionals related with the early enteral nutrition for the critically ill patients. CONCLUSION: To perform the proper early enteral nutrition, the hospital support system and the level of the healthcare professionals' perception, are two most important factors. Therefore, the efforts to build the hospital support system along with the educational provisions are needed.
Key Words: critically ill patient; enteral nutrition; knowledge; perception; performance
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