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Original Article Procalcitonin as a Prognosis Marker for the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients in Emergency Department
Seung Woon Choi, Hoon Kim, Kyung Hwan Kim, Dong Wun Shin, Jun Seok Park, Jun Young Roh, Jun Min Park

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
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Advance in sepsis management has increased the survival of patients with sepsis. However, severe sepsis and septic shock patients still have high mortality. We intend to verify the use of the procalcitonin (PCT) level as a prognosis marker in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in the emergency department (ED).
ED Patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were enrolled in our study. We used mortality and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) days as a prognosis index, and compared the PCT level in survivors and non-survivors. We introduced the simplified acute physiology score 3(SAPS3) to assess the severity of the patients and analyzed whether or not the PCT level correlated with the severity index.
The PCT level in septic shock patients [7.36 (0.92-33.69, IQR)] was higher than that in severe sepsis patients [3.24 (0.36-10.53, IQR)] (p = 0.04). However, there was no significant PCT level difference between survivors [median (IQR), 6.59 (0.60-29.25)] and non-survivors [median (IQR), 3.49 (0.40-20.41)] (p = 0.293). The SAPS3 score was higher in the non-survivor group [median (IQR), 64 (59.0-71.5)] than in the survivor group [median (IQR), 77 (68.5-82.0)] (p = 0.001). The PCT level did not correlate with either ICU days or hospital days.
Using the PCT level as a prognosis factor in severe sepsis and septic shock patients in ED has little value.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care