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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 24(3); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2009;24(3): 145-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.145
국내 중환자실에서 72시간 이상 인공호흡기 치료를 받는 환자들의 진정제, 진통제 및 근이완제 사용 실태에 대한 전향적 다 기관 공동 조사연구
울산대학교 의과대학 호흡기내과학교실, *응급의학교실
Multicenter Prospective Observational Study about the Usage Patterns of Sedatives, Analgesics and Neuromuscular Blocking Agents in the Patients Requiring More Than 72 Hours Mechanical Ventilation in Intensive Care Units of Korea
Hang Jea Jang, Seung Won Ra, Bum Jin Oh, Chae Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang Bum Hong
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. sbhong@amc.seoul.kr
2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
BACKGROUND: To investigate the usage patterns of sedatives, analgesics and neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in patients requiring mechanical ventilation more than 72 hours in intensive care units (ICUs) of Korea. METHODS: A total of 536 patients continuing mechanical ventilation more than 72 hours had been enrolled among the twenty-one ICUs of Korea from May 2003 to July 2003. Data about mechanical ventilation, the use of sedatives, analgesics, and NMBAs were prospectively collected for four weeks. We analyzed the patterns of using these drugs and effects on outcomes. RESULTS: More than half of the patients (50.4%) received sedative drug alone. Most commonly used sedatives and analgesics were midazolam and morphine. NMBAs were administered in 41% of the patients. Volume controlled ventilation mode was associated with more frequent use of NMBAs. There were no significant differences in outcome variables among the usage patterns of sedatives, analgesics and NMBAs. CONCLUSIONS: Our investigation shows that analgesics were much less frequently used in the intensive care units of Korea compared with the use of sedatives. And the use of NMBAs were quite a common.
Key Words: analgesics; intensive care unit; neuromuscular blocking agents; sedatives
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