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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 24(1); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2009;24(1): 4-10. doi: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.1.4
중환자실에 입원하는 혈액종양 환자의 예후 예측에 있어 Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II)와 Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score의 유용성
박성훈ㆍ고원중ㆍ정만표ㆍ김호중ㆍ권오정ㆍ강원기*ㆍ정철원*ㆍ안진석*ㆍ서지영
성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 내과학교실 호흡기내과, *혈액종양내과
The Prognostic Utility of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score for Hemato-Oncology Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit
Sunghoon Park, Won Jung Koh, Man Pyo Chung, Hojoong Kim, O Jung Kwon, Won Ki Kang, Chul Won Jung, Jin Seok Ahn, Gee Young Suh
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. smccritcare@gmail.com
2Division of Hemato-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of hemato-oncology (HMO) patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) is poor and predicting the mortality is important for decision making at the time of ICU admission and for administering aggressive treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 309 patients who were admitted to the medical ICU (MICU) at Samsung Medical Center from July in 2005 to June in 2006. We calculated their Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at the time of ICU admission and we investigated the relationship between the two scoring systems and the hospital mortality. RESULTS: Among the 309 patients, the hospital mortality was 41.2%, and the mean SAPS II/SOFA score at ICU admission was 45.4 +/- 19.5/8.1 +/- 4.6. Seventy-nine (25.6%) patients had hemato-oncological diseases. Their hospital mortality was 65.8%, and the mean SAPS II/SOFA score at the time of ICU admission was 53.9 +/- 18.6/9.7 +/- 4.4, which was higher than that of the non-HMO patients (p = 0.00). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the SAPS II/SOFA score for predicting the mortality was 0.794 +/- 0.05/0.785 +/- 0.051 (p = 0.00/p = 0.00) for the HMO patients. There was no significant difference in discrimination ability between the two scoring systems (p > 0.05). None of the HMO patients with a SAPS II/SOFA score of 70/14 or higher survived. CONCLUSIONS: Both the SAPS II and SOFA scores at the time of ICU admission were similarly effective for predicting the hospital mortality. The two scoring systems could be useful tools for decision making at the time of ICU admission and for administering aggressive treatment.
Key Words: hematology; intensive care unit; oncology; prognosis; sequential organ failure assessment; simplified acute physiology score II
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