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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 13(2); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 1998;13(2): 212-217.
중환자실 침상수와 종류에 대한 평가
고신옥1, 박평환2, 공명훈3, 정창영4, 임응모4, 김용락5
1연세의대 마취과학교실,2울산의대 마취과학교실,3고려의대 마취과학교실, 4전남의대 마취과학교실,5서울의대 마취과학교실
Number of Beds and Types of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in University and Non-University Hospitals in Korea
Shin Ok Koh, Pyung Hwan Park, Myoung Hoon Kong, Chang Young Jeung, Woong Mo Lim, Yong Lak Kim
1Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Korea.
3Department of Anesthesiology, Korea University, College of Medicine, Korea.
4Department of Anesthesiology Chonnam University College of Medicine, Korea.
5Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGOUND: The number of ICU beds related to the number of general acute care beds provides a broad measure of intensive care, but it has obvious limitations and underestimates extreme regional differences. As a first step, we evaluated the number of ICU beds or the ratio of ICU beds to hospital beds in university and non-university hospitals in Korea. METHODS: The number of ICU beds and hospital beds, the ratio of the number of ICU beds to hospital beds, and the types of ICU in each range of ICU beds and hospital beds in the university and non-university hospital were analyzed as well. RESULTS: Thirty university hospitals had 1,824 ICU beds out of 25,966 hospital beds, an average of 7.0%. The number of ICU beds ranged from 17 to 159 beds and hospital beds ranged from 400 to 2,000 beds in university hospitals. Fourteen non-university hospitals had 377 ICU beds out of 6,121 hospital beds, an average of 6.2%. In non-university hospitals, the number of ICU beds ranged from 6 to 67 beds with 50 to 700 hospital beds. If there was only one ICU, e.g. multidisciplinary, or more than one, the director of a multidisciplinary and surgical ICU was usually filled by an anesthesiologist, while the directors of other ICUs were usually specialists according to each specific ICU. CONCLUSIONS: There was a large disparity in the number of ICU beds and in the ratio of ICU beds to hospital beds between university and non-university hosptials, and even between university hospitals.
Key Words: Hospital bed number; Intensive care unit; Bed number; Types
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