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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 2(1); 1987 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 1987;2(1): 26-35.
응급실환자에 대한 통계적 고찰
김학산, 김영철, 유수웅, 김열자, 이학중
국립의료원 내과
Statistical Study on the Emergency Patients
Hak San Kim, Young Cheol Kim, Soo Woong Yoo, Yul Ja Kim, Hak Choong Lee
Department of Internal Medicine National Medical Center Seoul korea
ABSTRACT
Five thousand forty three patients with avallable data out of total 6.992 patients who visited the Emergency room of the National Medical Coater from 1st Jan. to 3lst Dec., 1980, were analyzed in several aspects. The results were are follows; 1. During the contemporary periods, the Emergency patients were 6,992. 3.1% of total 225,604 patients who visited Out-Patient department or Emergency room of National Me- dical Center, and 46% of the Emergency patients were admitted. 2. Socially active persons, ranged from 21 to 50 years in age, occupied more than half of the total Emergency patients and 15. 4% were under 10 of the age. 3. Sixty six percent of the Emergency patients visited within first day after the onset of symptoms and 8. 5% of whom did over 7 days. 4.Most of the patients arrived to Emergency room during the every time of the day except mid-night (p-4 O'clock) and early morning, and 70% of whom during P.M. time. 5. Deaths after arrival to Emergency room were 14 cases, 0, 3% of the total Emergency patients. 6. On arrival to Emergency room, 11. 9 of patients showed abnormal mental status and 0. 9% were in the #shock state. 7. The urgent management performed at Emergency room were as follows: Oxygen administration(12.9%), gastric irrigation(5.5%) transfusion(3.4%), anti-hypertensive drug administration(3.1%), endotracheal intubation (2. 3%), vasopressor administration(l.0%) and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation(0.7%). 8. Accoring to the Korean Standard Classification of Disease , the most common disease(1 digit system classification) were Injury and Po inoning(32.0%). Diseases of the Digestive system(17.1%), Complications of Pregnancy Childbirth and the Puerperium(10.6%), Infe- ctious and Parasitic Diseases, Diseases of the Respiratory system, Diseases of the Circulatory system and Neoplasm in order. The patients with accident visited more rapidly than those suffering from chronic diseases.
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