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ACC : Acute and Critical Care



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HOME > Acute Crit Care > Volume 2(1); 1987 > Article
Pulmonary Insufficiency after Massive Blood Transfusion

Department of Anesthesiology Yonsei University college of Medicine Seoul Korea
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Massive blood transfusion may be defined as the acute administration of blood more than one and a half times the patient's estimated blood volume. When stored whole blood is infused, complications such as coagulation defect, volume overload, acid-base disturbance and pulmonary complications. will deve1op. Massive transfusion has been associated with the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) in man, and both humoral factor and microemboli have been proposed as the injurious agent in the transfused blood. We experienced the patient who bad suffered from acute respiratory failure after the transfusion of massive amount of whole blood and managed him effectively with ventilatory support with positive end expiratory pressure under the monitoring of cardiopulmonary function via the Swan-Ganz Catheter at 1CU.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care