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1 "Jung-Hee Lee"
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Original Article
Hematology/Cardiology
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support in Adult Patients with Hematologic Malignancies and Severe Acute Respiratory Failure
Tai Sun Park, You Na Oh, Sang-Bum Hong, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Je-Hwan Lee, Jung-Hee Lee, Kyoo-Hyung Lee, Jin Won Huh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(3):243-250.   Published online August 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00318
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  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Administering extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome has substantially increased over the last decade, however administering ECMO to patients with hematologic malignancies may carry a particularly high risk. Here, we report the clinical outcomes of patients with hematologic malignancies and severe acute respiratory failure who were treated with ECMO.
Methods
We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients with hematologic malignancies and severe acute respiratory failure who were treated with ECMO at the medical intensive care unit of a tertiary referral hospital between March 2010 and April 2015.
Results
A total of 15 patients (9 men; median age 45 years) with hematologic malignancies and severe acute respiratory failure received ECMO therapy during the study period. The median values of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, Murray Lung Injury Score, and Respiratory Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Survival Prediction Score were 29, 3.3, and -2, respectively. Seven patients received venovenous ECMO, whereas 8 patients received venoarterial ECMO. The median ECMO duration was 2 days. Successful weaning of ECMO was achieved in 3 patients. Hemorrhage complications developed in 4 patients (1 pulmonary hemorrhage, 1 intracranial hemorrhage, and 2 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding). The longest period of patient survival was 59 days after ECMO initiation. No significant differences in survival were noted between venovenous and venoarterial ECMO groups (10.0 vs. 10.5 days; p = 0.56).
Conclusions
Patients with hematologic malignancies and severe acute respiratory failure demonstrate poor outcomes after ECMO treatment. Careful and appropriate selection of candidates for ECMO in these patients is necessary.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with hematologic malignancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jackie Jia Lin Sim, Saikat Mitra, Ryan Ruiyang Ling, Chuen Seng Tan, Bingwen Eugene Fan, Graeme MacLaren, Kollengode Ramanathan
    Annals of Hematology.2022; 101(7): 1395.     CrossRef
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation with rituximab‐combined chemotherapy in AIDS‐associated primary cardiac lymphoma: A case report
    Hoyuri Fuseya, Takuro Yoshimura, Minako Tsutsumi, Yosuke Nakaya, Mirei Horiuchi, Masahiro Yoshida, Yoshiki Hayashi, Takafumi Nakao, Takeshi Inoue, Takahisa Yamane
    Clinical Case Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Extracorporeal Life Support in Adult Patients with Hematologic Malignancies and Acute Circulatory and/or Respiratory Failure
    Sungbin Cho, Won Chul Cho, Ju Yong Lim, Pil Je Kang
    The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.2019; 52(1): 25.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care