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Original Article
Pulmonary
Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score as a predictor of mortality in ventilated patients with multidrug-resistant bacteremia
Yeseul Oh, Jiyeon Roh, Jaemin Lee, Hyun Sung Chung, Kwangha Lee, Min Ki Lee
Acute Crit Care. 2020;35(3):169-178.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2020.00143
  • 4,346 View
  • 111 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteremia in ventilated patients may be associated with a high mortality rate. We evaluated whether Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score on the day of bacteremia could predict 90-day mortality in these patients.
Methods
Data were obtained retrospectively from 202 patients (male, 60.4%; median age, 64 years) hospitalized at a single university-affiliated tertiary care hospital. All adult patients who had were ventilated and had one of the following six MDR bacteremias between March 2011 and February 2018 were enrolled: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia), carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative rods (Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), or vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium.
Results
The overall 90-day mortality rate after the day of bacteremia was 59.9%. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for the SOFA and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores were 0.732 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.666 to 0.792; P<0.001) and 0.662 (95% CI, 0.593 to 0.727; P<0.001), respectively, with no difference between the two (P=0.059). Also, the cutoff value of the SOFA score was 9 (based on Youden’s index). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that this cut-off value was significantly associated with higher mortality rate (hazard ratio, 2.886; 95% CI, 1.946 to 4.221; P<0.001).
Conclusions
SOFA score measured on the day of bacteremia may be a useful prognostic indicator of 90-day mortality in ventilated patients with MDR bacteremia.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Serial evaluation of the serum lactate level with the SOFA score to predict mortality in patients with sepsis
    Heemoon Park, Jinwoo Lee, Dong Kyu Oh, Mi Hyeon Park, Chae-Man Lim, Sang-Min Lee, Hong Yeul Lee
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The value of admission Troponin I to predict outcomes in suspected infections in elderly patients admitted in Internal Medicine: results from the SOFA-T collaboration, a multi-center study
    N. Tarquinio, G. Viticchi, V. Zaccone, M. Martino, A. Fioranelli, P. Morciano, G. Moroncini, C. Di Pentima, A. Martini, C. Nitti, A. Salvi, M. Burattini, L. Falsetti
    Internal and Emergency Medicine.2021; 16(4): 981.     CrossRef
Published Erratum
Pulmonary
Erratum: Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Scrub Typhus: Clinical Experiences of Eight Patients
Sun Young Kim, Hang Jea Jang, Hyunkuk Kim, Kyunghwa Shin, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(4):348-348.   Published online November 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.4.348
Corrects: Acute Crit Care 2014;29(3):189
  • 3,410 View
  • 39 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The title of page 189 should be corrected.
Original Articles
Pulmonary
Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Scrub Typhus: Clinical Experiences of Eight Patients
Sun Young Kim, Hang Jea Jang, Hyunkuk Kim, Kyunghwa Shin, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(3):189-193.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.3.189
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2014;29(4):348
  • 4,341 View
  • 69 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study is to describe the clinical course and outcome of patients who were diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by scrub typhus and who received ventilator care in the intensive care units (ICU) of two university hospitals.
METHODS
We performed a retrospective analysis of all adult ventilated patients who were diagnosed with ARDS caused by scrub typhus.
RESULTS
Eleven (1.7%) of 632 scrub typhus patients were diagnosed with ARDS (median age 72; seven were male). Eight patients had underlying diseases, the most common of which was hypertension (four patients). Eight patients (72.7%) were admitted in November. The most common chief complaints of the patients were fever and rash (63.6%). All patients had skin eschar and rash; seven were treated for shock. On the day of diagnosis with ARDS, the median Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score was 20 (range 11-28) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score was 7 (range 4-14). All patients had PaO2/FiO2 < 200 mmHg, high serum aspartate aminotransferase level (> 40 IU/L), and hypoalbuminemia (< 3.3 g/dl). Nine patients were treated with doxycycline on the day of admission. Their median lengths of stay in the ICU and hospital were 10 (range 4-65) and 14 (4-136) days, respectively. The mortality rate during treatment in the hospital was 36.4%.
CONCLUSIONS
In our study, the risk of ARDS among patients diagnosed with scrub typhus was at least 1.7%, with a hospital mortality rate of 36.4%.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Rapid Recovery of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Scrub Typhus, With Pulse Methylprednisolone and Therapeutic Plasma Exchange
    Thilina Rathnasekara, Lanka Wijekoon, Hemal Senanayake, Sisira Siribaddana
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates from Tracheal Secretions
Jeong Ha Mok, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(3):173-179.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.3.173
  • 2,883 View
  • 90 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients with carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolates from tracheal secretions in a medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital.
METHODS
We conducted a retrospective study from January 2009 to June 2012.
RESULTS
Among the patients who had isolates cultured from tracheal secretions, 130 patients (34.8%) had CRAB isolates. Their mean age was 65 +/- 14 yr and 74.6% were male. The ICU and hospital mortality was 51.5% and 60.0%, respectively. According to physician's clinical decision, antibiotics were changed in order to cover CRAB in 75 (57.7%) patients. The total duration of antibiotics use was 12.2 +/- 8.1 days. Of patients with antibiotics change to cover CRAB, 70 patients (93.3%) had Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score of 6 and over. However, there was no significant difference in hospital mortality between patients with antibiotics change against CRAB and those without change. In multivariable analysis, only Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score was related to hospital mortality of patients with CRAB.
CONCLUSIONS
In this study, changing antibiotics to cover CRAB by physician's clinical decision only did not influence hospital mortality; further studies would be necessary to investigate how to use antibiotics against CRAB isolates cultured from tracheal secretions.
Review
Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation
Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 1997;12(1):1-4.
  • 1,323 View
  • 43 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care