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Case Report
Obstetric/Cardiology
Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in a Fulminant Course of Amniotic Fluid Embolism Syndrome Immediately after Cesarean Delivery
Jae Ha Lee, Hang Jea Jang, Jin Han Park, Yong Kyun Kim, Ho Ki Min, Sun Young Kim, Hyun-kuk Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(3):256-261.   Published online August 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00213
  • 8,540 View
  • 149 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Amniotic fluid embolism is rare but is one of the most catastrophic complications in the peripartum period. This syndrome is caused by a maternal anaphylactic reaction to the introduction of fetal material into the pulmonary circulation. When amniotic fluid embolism is suspected, the immediate application of extracorporeal mechanical circulatory support such as veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or cardiopulmonary bypass should be considered. Without the application of extracorporeal mechanical circulatory support, medical supportive care might not be sufficient to maintain cardiopulmonary stabilization in severe cases of amniotic fluid embolism. In this report, we present the case of a 36-year-old pregnant woman who developed an amniotic fluid embolism immediately after a cesarean section. Her catastrophic event started with the sudden onset of severe hypoxia, followed by circulatory collapse within 8 minutes. The veno-arterial mode of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was initiated immediately. She was successfully resuscitated but with impaired cognitive function. Thus, urgent ECMO should be considered when amniotic fluid embolism syndrome is suspected in patients presenting acute cardiopulmonary collapse.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation as Supportive Therapy After Cardiac Arrest After Amniotic Fluid Embolism: A Case Report
    Claire Depondt, Darko Arnaudovski, Audrey Voulgaropoulos, Olivier Milleron, Walid Ghodbane, Alexy Tran Dinh, Philippe Montravers, Elie Kantor
    A&A Practice.2019; 13(2): 74.     CrossRef
  • Urgent Application of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Amniotic Fluid Embolism
    Moo Suk Park
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2016; 31(3): 179.     CrossRef
Published Erratum
Pulmonary
Erratum: Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Scrub Typhus: Clinical Experiences of Eight Patients
Sun Young Kim, Hang Jea Jang, Hyunkuk Kim, Kyunghwa Shin, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(4):348-348.   Published online November 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.4.348
Corrects: Acute Crit Care 2014;29(3):189
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The title of page 189 should be corrected.
Original Article
Pulmonary
Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Scrub Typhus: Clinical Experiences of Eight Patients
Sun Young Kim, Hang Jea Jang, Hyunkuk Kim, Kyunghwa Shin, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(3):189-193.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.3.189
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2014;29(4):348
  • 4,341 View
  • 69 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study is to describe the clinical course and outcome of patients who were diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by scrub typhus and who received ventilator care in the intensive care units (ICU) of two university hospitals.
METHODS
We performed a retrospective analysis of all adult ventilated patients who were diagnosed with ARDS caused by scrub typhus.
RESULTS
Eleven (1.7%) of 632 scrub typhus patients were diagnosed with ARDS (median age 72; seven were male). Eight patients had underlying diseases, the most common of which was hypertension (four patients). Eight patients (72.7%) were admitted in November. The most common chief complaints of the patients were fever and rash (63.6%). All patients had skin eschar and rash; seven were treated for shock. On the day of diagnosis with ARDS, the median Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score was 20 (range 11-28) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score was 7 (range 4-14). All patients had PaO2/FiO2 < 200 mmHg, high serum aspartate aminotransferase level (> 40 IU/L), and hypoalbuminemia (< 3.3 g/dl). Nine patients were treated with doxycycline on the day of admission. Their median lengths of stay in the ICU and hospital were 10 (range 4-65) and 14 (4-136) days, respectively. The mortality rate during treatment in the hospital was 36.4%.
CONCLUSIONS
In our study, the risk of ARDS among patients diagnosed with scrub typhus was at least 1.7%, with a hospital mortality rate of 36.4%.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Rapid Recovery of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Scrub Typhus, With Pulse Methylprednisolone and Therapeutic Plasma Exchange
    Thilina Rathnasekara, Lanka Wijekoon, Hemal Senanayake, Sisira Siribaddana
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care