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3 "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation"
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Pediatrics
Outcomes of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in pediatric hemato-oncology patients
Hong Yul An, Hyoung Jin Kang, June Dong Park
Acute Crit Care. 2024;39(1):108-116.   Published online January 24, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2023.01088
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
In this study, we reviewed the outcomes of pediatric patients with malignancies who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of pediatric hemato-oncology patients treated with chemotherapy or HSCT and who received ECMO in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at Seoul National University Children’s Hospital from January 2012 to December 2020. Results: Over a 9-year period, 21 patients (14 males and 7 females) received ECMO at a single pediatric institute; 10 patients (48%) received veno-arterial (VA) ECMO for septic shock (n=5), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (n=3), stress-induced myopathy (n=1), or hepatopulmonary syndrome (n=1); and 11 patients (52%) received veno-venous (VV) ECMO for ARDS due to pneumocystis pneumonia (n=1), air leak (n=3), influenza (n=1), pulmonary hemorrhage (n=1), or unknown etiology (n=5). All patients received chemotherapy; 9 received anthracycline drugs and 14 (67%) underwent HSCT. Thirteen patients (62%) were diagnosed with malignancies and 8 (38%) were diagnosed with non-malignant disease. Among the 21 patients, 6 (29%) survived ECMO in the PICU and 5 (24%) survived to hospital discharge. Among patients treated for septic shock, 3 of 5 patients (60%) who underwent ECMO and 5 of 10 patients (50%) who underwent VA ECMO survived. However, all the patients who underwent VA ECMO or VV ECMO for ARDS died. Conclusions: ECMO is a feasible treatment option for respiratory or heart failure in pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy or undergoing HSCT.
Pediatrics
Prognostic factors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit
Da Hyun Kim, Eun Ju Ha, Seong Jong Park, Kyung-Nam Koh, Hyery Kim, Ho Joon Im, Won Kyoung Jhang
Acute Crit Care. 2021;36(4):380-387.   Published online November 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2020.01193
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  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Pediatric patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) tend to have high morbidity and mortality. While, the prognostic factors of adult patients received bone marrow transplantation were already known, there is little known in pediatric pateints. This study aimed to identify the prognostic factor for pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) mortality of critically ill pediatric patients with HSCT.
Method
Retrospectively reviewed that the medical records of patients who received HSCT and admitted to PICU between January 2010 and December 2019. Mortality was defined a patient who expired within 28 days.
Results
A total of 131 patients were included. There were 63 boys (48.1%) and median age was 11 years (interquartile range, 0–20 years). The most common HSCT type was haploidentical (38.9%) and respiratory failure (44.3%) was the most common reason for PICU admission. Twenty-eight–day mortality was 22.1% (29/131). In comparison between survivors and non-survivors, the number of HSCT received, sepsis, oncological pediatric risk of mortality-III (OPRISM-III), PRISM-III, pediatric sequential organ failure assessment (pSOFA), serum lactate, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and use of mechanical ventilator (MV) and vasoactive inotropics were significant predictors (p<0.05 for all variables). In multivariate logistic regression, number of HSCT received, use of MV, OPRISM-III, PRISM-III and pSOFA were independent risk factors of PICU mortality. Moreover, three scoring systems were significant prognostic factors of 28-day mortality.
Conclusions
The number of HSCT received and use of MV were more accurate predictors in pediatric patients received HSCT.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prognostic factors and predictive scores for 6-months mortality of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit
    Sarah Schober, Silke Huber, Norbert Braun, Michaela Döring, Peter Lang, Michael Hofbeck, Felix Neunhoeffer, Hanna Renk
    Frontiers in Oncology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Survival outcomes of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients admitted to the intensive care unit: A case–control study from a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia
    LujainTalib Aljudaibi, MohamedSalaheldin Bayoumy, HassanA Altrabolsi, AbdullahM Alzaydi, Nawaf Aldajani, Nadia Hammad, Ismail Alzahrani, Marwa Elhadidy, IbraheemF Abosoudah
    Journal of Applied Hematology.2022; 13(4): 192.     CrossRef
Prediction of Prognosis for Children Cared in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)
Hye Sun Choi, Eun Jung Lee, Jae Wook Lee, Pil Sang Jang, Nack Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim, Dae Chul Jeong
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):226-231.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.226
  • 2,321 View
  • 44 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM2) is a useful scoring system for the prediction of prognosis, and Oncological Pediatric Risk of Mortality (O-PRISM) for ICU support in children with HSCT. We investigated prognostic prediction and risk factors for survival through early detection of admission to ICU after HSCT.
METHODS
We reviewed retrospectively medical records of children cared for in ICU after HSCT between 2004 and 2010. Patients who died within 2 hours after admittance to ICU were excluded. We analyzed the worst parameters in ICU by a t-test, Cox-regression, multiple logistic regression and a receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC).
RESULTS
54 children, with fifty-five disease events, were admitted to ICU after HSCT. Sixteen children were diagnosed with high-risk disease status and 8 with non-malignant diseases. Stem cells were sourced from 14 matched siblings, 22 unrelated donors and 19 cord bloods. The median duration in ICU was 8.5 days (0.5-110). The reasons for admission to ICU were 32 pulmonary, 14 neurologic, and 9 hemodynamic events. Six patients (11.1%) survived after intensive care. The factor indicating discharge with survival was mental status (p = 0.04), although other factors included FiO2, prothrombin time, potassium, and pupil reflex in univariate analysis. In multiple logistic regression, there were significant factors of PaCO2 (p = 0.028), O-PRISM (p = 0.039), and PIM2 (p = 0.004) for prognosis. For prediction of prognosis, O-PRISM (p = 0.019) was superior to PIM2 (p = 0.435) in intensive care children after HSCT.
CONCLUSIONS
O-PRISM might be a predictable scoring system for children with ICU support, and the Glasgow coma scale and PaCO2 were more reliable prognostic factors in the post-HSCT period.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prognostic factors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit
    Da Hyun Kim, Eun Ju Ha, Seong Jong Park, Kyung-Nam Koh, Hyery Kim, Ho Joon Im, Won Kyoung Jhang
    Acute and Critical Care.2021; 36(4): 380.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care