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Korean J Crit Care Med > Volume 12(2); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine 1997;12(2): 177-182.
Anesthesia for Cesarean Section in Two Pregnant Women with Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A report of two cases
Yong In Kang, Kyung Sook Cho, Su Yeon Kim, Myoung Hee Kim, Hyun Sook Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is defined as the onset of acute heart failure without demonstrable cause in the last trimester of pregnancy or within the first 6 months after delivery. Mortality from PPCM ranges from 25% to 50% and cause of death is usually chronic congestive heart failure or thromboembolic complications. We experienced 2 patients with PPCM. One was a twin pregnant woman and PPCM was developed after cesarean section. In the other case, PPCM was combined with aspiration pneumonia in the preterm labor patient. They were treated with diuretics and cardiotonic drugs and recovered to normal cardiac function within 7 to 10 days. Prognosis is related to recovery of left ventricular function, which usually occurs within 6 months postpartum. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of PPCM improve outcome.
Key Words: Complications; aspiration pneumonia; pulmonary edema. Pregnancy; cesarean section; peripartum cardiomyopathy
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